I love February 29.
Because you can write incredibly wild, yet basically true, things like this:
Happy Birthday to baseball great Dickey Pearce who turns 45 today!
“I ain’t got any education, but nobody can teach me how to play ball.” ~ Dickey Pearce
Born in Brooklyn, he started his professional baseball career there when he was just 5 years old.
(If I tell you now that Dickey Pearce was a “leapling” born on February 29, 1836 and made his baseball debut in 1856 … well, you knew that was coming, but why spoil the fun?)
While I seem to be spending an inordinate part of this month writing about short and stocky players, it is, I think, important to note that Dickey Pearce was 5’3-1/2” (when you’re 5’3” that last half inch is pretty important) and weighed in at 161 pounds.
While 5’3-1/2″ and 161 pounds may sound chubby to you, clearly, those old-time baseball unis were downright slimming. (Pearce is the one in back.)
Pearce, who played in the earliest days of major league baseball – from the 1850s into the 1880s – is credited with turning the roving “short field” position into the more territorial shortstop position that we know today, and, in doing so, may have invented, or developed, or, at very least refined, the double play.
The Atlantic Base Ball Club of Brooklyn, 1865. Pearce is the third from the left.
Pearce’s double plays included intentionally dropping routine fly balls, allowing for easy outs as the runners on base hesitated while waiting to tag up. He is why we have the infield fly rule today.
Dickey Pearce also invented the bunt, so, I guess you could say he was sort of the Thomas Edison of early baseball.
That a man born on a once-every-four-years Leap Year also invented the nowadays similarly rare bunt is what makes baseball such a perfect reflection of the world at large.
I love, love, love the bunt.
(While Dickey Pearce is not the only professional ballplayer to be born on a February 29, he is the only one who invented the bunt, so as far I’m concerned, he’s the only one that needs mentioning today.)
Brooklyn Atlantics vs Philadelphia Athletics, 1866 Championship Series. Brooklyn won the championship.
In 1918, the New York Tribune shared an early quote from Pearce explaining his creation of the bunt in 1866:
“There are a lot of suckers who want to knock the ball loose from its trench coat every time they come to bat. This results in the infield playing back and the outfielders being so far away that they are practically commuters. Now, the only way to beat this frame-up is to dump the ball in front of the plate. It will surprise the infielders so greatly they will promptly drop dead, along with the catcher and pitcher, and while the outfielders are running in to fall on the ball, I will reach first base.”
Dickey Pearce is also said to have originated the “fair-foul” chop, batting the ball down hard into the infield dirt so it would ricochet deep into foul territory. Today, this play would be foul, but back then it was a fair ball and would catch infielders off guard. Pearce could often use it to leg out a single.
Pearce stretched out his baseball career with seasons in the minor leagues – playing and managing – as well as time umpiring (rather poorly), and, finally, serving as a groundskeeper at the Polo Grounds until around 1898.
Afterward, he and his family moved to a small town in Massachusetts where he worked in a low-wage position in a local sugar mill.
In 1908, he attended a reunion of old ballplayers at Paddock’s Island in Boston Harbor.
As the Brooklyn Times Union recounted in 1911:
“On that occasion he took a turn at bat just to show that he hadn’t forgotten the game, got overheated, caught cold, and was too old to withstand the siege.”
Pearce died of complications from pneumonia on September 18, 1908.
He was 17 Leap Years old.
Leap Day Bonus!
Since I won’t get another chance for four years, here’s one more Leap Year nugget that’s too good to save …
In Leap Year 1928, Harry Craddock of the Savoy Hotel in London introduced the Leap Year cocktail. The Savoy Hotel’s cocktail book, published in 1930, noted: “It is said to have been responsible for more proposals than any other cocktail ever mixed.”
Whether you’re in the market for a proposal or not … here’s how to make the 1928 Leap Year Cocktail:
2 oz gin
1/2 oz Grand Marnier
1/2 oz sweet vermouth
1/4 oz fresh lemon juice
Shake, strain, and garnish with a lemon twist.
And Negro League catcher Nish Williams was born 29 February 1904. FYI
Happy 29th Leap Birthday to Nish Williams!
Thanks, as always, Blogess, for broadening my baseball knowledge, as the clock ticks down to Opening Day.
One question that hadn’t occurred to me: how did baseball competitions, standings and, for that matter, the game itself, manage to continue during the Civil War? Assuming there were teams in the Southern states, was play just suspended for the duration? I’m something of a Civil War buff, and I can’t imagine that the game could have just carried on, in the destruction and chaos, especially of the later years. I think I’ll poke around and see if I can find more information about this. I’m sure somebody has addressed it. Thanks, again. -J.
Hi John … Thank you for your query. In fact, the Civil War is key to baseball’s evolution. It was, up until the 1850s, a pretty local Northern game … a knock off of many earlier bat-and-ball games and each locale had its own set of unique rules. It wasn’t until the Civil War that Northern soldiers — young men from all over the North suddenly thrust together into war — started to codify a standard set of rules that they all could play by. And, it was Northern soldiers, in POW camps, who introduced the game to Confederate soldiers.
There’s a lithograph from the time — showing Northern prisoners playing base ball in a South Carolina prison camp in 1863 — on one of my earlier posts. You can see it here: https://thebaseballbloggess.com/2018/08/19/1884-richmond-joins-the-major-leagues/
(During the war, President Abraham Lincoln, a baseball fan, would take an occasional break from war strategy and catch a game at the White Lot, just south of the White House, with his son Tad. You can read more about that here: https://thebaseballbloggess.com/2017/01/27/just-south-of-the-white-house-they-played-baseball/ )
It continues to make my case … that baseball is more than just a game … it represents so much of who we are, including where we came from and how we got here.
Agreed: Baseball matters. Here’s something I wrote on the subject, a few years ago.
Well said. I did see this line: “These are not easy times,” and I had to go back to look at the date of your post: October 2012. You had no idea … no idea … that we might look back at 2012 and think, “Well, that wasn’t so bad after all.”
Fun, full of info! Cheers to leap years!
My sister celebrates her 18th birthday today. Though mom went to the hospital in labor with me on the 29th I waited until the next day to make an appearance. It might have been fun to share a birthday. Great to learn how the bunt was invented. Like you I think it’s a wonderful play to see. Looking forward to what you come up with four years from now
Happy 18th to Pat … and happy early birthday to you, Gloria!! :)
Cheers. Fast pitch is not Fast pitch without the bunt. Thank you, Dickey Pearce. PS: Rod Carew was the best bunter in the game.
I love that college ball includes the bunt. It’s a good tool to have … and a shame that it doesn’t get used more. Also needed — more Baltimore chops! :)