Before baseball even got to the bases, innings, or outs, there was an umpire:
Rule #2 of baseball’s “Knickerbocker Rules” (1845):
“When assembled for exercise, the President, or in his absence, the Vice-President, shall appoint an Umpire, who shall keep the game in a book provided for that purpose, and note all violations of the By-Laws and Rules during the time of exercise.”
The only thing more important than an umpire? Rule #1 which reminds players to “strictly observe the time agreed upon for exercise, and be punctual in their attendance.”
So, let’s give umpires some love on Valentine’s Day …
First, don’t call it a clicker.
“[A] ball and strike indicator … figured in my very first lesson in how to be a professional umpire: Never call it a clicker. (Why? Nobody ever said, but, I guess it’s like an opera singer’s not referring to an aria as a song.)” ~ Bruce Weber, As They See ‘Em: A Fan’s Travels In The Land of Umpires
Not a clicker.
Don’t call the Umpire “Blue.” It’s just rude as it was once a heckle and it was spelled “Blew” – as in “Hey, Blew, you blew the call!”Embed from Getty Images
Don’t slug the umpire, even in the name of poetry.
Mother, may I slug the umpire
May I slug him right away?
So he cannot be here, Mother
When the clubs begin to play?
Let me clasp his throat, dear mother,
In a dear delightful grip
With one hand and with the other
Bat him several in the lip.
~ Anonymous, Chicago Tribune, 1886
Don’t “smite him” with your parasol.
The Washington Post, September 3, 1897
And, please, please, please don’t kill him.
Fans have been threatening to kill the umpire since Casey at the Bat.
And, in 1889, someone actually did.
The Baltimore Sun, September 5, 1889
Let’s be nice on Valentine’s Day.
I don’t want to play favorites – playing favorites is not the “Umpire Way” after all. But, Valentine’s Day calls for a tiny little extra bit of love for legendary Umpire Bill Valentine.
From The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
Valentine umped in the American League from 1963 to 1968.
He would proudly tell people that he was one of two umpires to eject Mickey Mantle from a game.
Which is true. (Sort of.)Embed from Getty Images
Mickey Mantle, June 1964
Valentine did eject Mantle on June 23, 1964 in a game versus Baltimore. Mantle was ejected in the ninth with two outs for “helmet-heaving.”
(Funny thing. The Baltimore Sun reports on the ejection; The New York Times never mentions it. By the way, the Orioles went on to win that game 9-8 and knocked the Yankees out of first place.)
But, Mantle was ejected from more than two games in his career. I counted six ejections between 1954 and 1968, and there could very well have been others.
Valentine was also the first umpire to eject Baltimore Orioles manager Earl Weaver. Weaver was ejected from at least 91 games in his career – an American League record.
Valentine started things off on July 30, 1968 tossing Weaver, just three weeks into the manager’s job, for arguing balls and strikes in the 8th inning of a game versus the Red Sox.
The Baltimore Sun, July 31, 1968. Valentine is on the left.
“Weaver chased Valentine all over the home-plate area in protest, finally having to abandon his shouting when Valentine took him to the stands behind the plate,” The Sun reported.
(The Orioles won 8-3, but not before Valentine also ejected O’s catcher Andy Etchebarren.)
Valentine was fired in 1968, along with fellow umpire Al Salerno, for “incompetence.” But, everyone in baseball knew the league fired them because they were trying to form a union for AL umpires (the National League umpires had unionized in 1963). The union was formed, the AL and NL unions merged, and the umpire union has been responsible for helping raise salaries and improve working condition for umps.
Valentine was born in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1932, just a few blocks from Traveler Field, home of the minor league Arkansas Travelers. He did odd jobs around the park as a kid, like sorting soda bottles, shagging foul balls, and helping in the clubhouse. He began umpiring in his teens and in 1951 was hired by the Class D Ohio-Indiana League, becoming, at 18, the youngest-ever professional umpire in baseball.
After his firing, he returned to the Travelers and became general manager in 1976.
He was known for his Veeckian-like promotions and giveaways – including Clunker Car Night, where used cars were given away throughout the game, a promotion that continues today, and midget wrestling, which also is still a thing at Travelers’ games.
One of his most popular attractions was a guy called Captain Dynamite who would lock himself in a box with sticks of dynamite and blow himself up. He was so popular that Valentine brought him back every season for 22 years.
You just had to see it, didn’t you?
Attendance at Travelers games soared.
Valentine called Travelers games, “The Greatest Show on Dirt,” which really annoyed Ringling Brothers and they made him change it.
As General Manager, Valentine wasn’t above belly-aching about the Texas League’s umpires. Here’s a voice mail he left complaining about one particularly persnickety ump.
Valentine retired from baseball in 2009.
He was named Texas League Executive of the Year six times and was inducted into both the Texas League and Arkansas Sports Halls of Fame. In 2014, Minor League Baseball awarded him the title “King of Baseball.”
Reflecting on his 60 years in baseball, Valentine said, “I enjoyed it. I really did. I actually enjoyed what I did. I wouldn’t change anything. I got fired by the American League, I wouldn’t change that. Because that turned me into something I enjoyed doing more. I really found something that I loved to do.”
Bill Valentine passed away in April 2015.
… From the benches, black with people, there went up a muffled roar,
Like the beating of the storm-waves on a stern and distant shore;
‘Kill him! Kill the umpire!’ shouted someone on the stand;
And it’s likely they’d have killed him had not Casey raised his hand.
With a smile of Christian charity great Casey’s visage shone;
He stilled the rising tumult; he bade the game go on …
Casey At The Bat, Ernest Lawrence Thayer, 1888
Bill Valentine: The King of Baseball
A Tale of Two Umpires: When Al Salerno and Bill Valentine Got Thrown Out of the Game
Valentine Named 2014 King of Baseball
I’d never heard that story of Bill Valentine. He was something of a trailblazer, kind of like Curt Flood. But unlike Flood, Valentine bounced back. Great post, Bloggess.
And it won’t be long now…just a few days more…
Thanks, T. Wayne! Valentine and Salerno’s litigation nearly paralleled Curt Flood’s activities. The umpires lost their court case and were never reinstated … but the union was formed, so, in the end, they had a lasting impact on the game and vastly improved salaries and work conditions for umpires. Yay!
A heartfelt thank you for this outstanding tribute to Bill Valentine, Bloggess.
Thank you so much, Perry! I’m so delighted that you stopped by. :)
Great stuff as usual
Awww, thank you, v. :)
OK. No clickers. No blues. Got it.
And, no smiting with parasols … that’s an important one, too! :)
Loved this! Esp the video of the guy in the dynamite stunt! Wonder how much mind he had left after those?! Then the pictures of the umps and that huge vest thing they carried around all game – not like they dress today! Great topic of the under appreciated umpires!
Thanks, Sharon. I almost didn’t include “Captain Dynamite,” since my last post was about the dangers of concussions and his brain must have been completely liquified from blowing himself up at minor league games all over the country … year after year after year.
On those hot, hot, hot day games in the middle of summer, I feel so bad for the umpires who never get to sit down or take a break or slip out from under the sun … they’re out in the field the entire time. They definitely don’t get their due!
Umpires, referees, and anyone else whose job it is to enforce the rules of games or the compliance with laws may well be subject to derision or worse. Life without them, though, would be untenable to say the least and not much fun. Thank you for reminding us to be grateful for what they do.
Thanks, Gloria! Referees made a bad call yesterday (rather, they made no call … failing to make a correct call) which led to the UVa basketball team losing to Duke in the last second of the game. Sigh. We all make mistakes, I know … but … but … ack. Refs and umps do try my nerves some days …
That’s a great story on Bill Valentine. Just another example of why this sport is so special. Also, I think I have a copy of ‘Kill the Umpire’ on DVD. Don’t judge…
I want to see it! And, how about William Bendix!? First, he plays Babe Ruth … then an umpire. Also, I learned that Bendix was a bat boy for both the NY Giants and the Yankees when he was a kid in 1922 and would run errands for Babe. According to a story in the Los Angeles Times: “Bendix regularly brought Ruth his pregame meal of a dozen hot dogs and two quarts of soda. After one game, Ruth collapsed with stomach pains and was rushed to the hospital. Some newspaper reports had him near death, although it turned out he was suffering from severe indigestion. The Yankees investigated, discovered the cause of the stomachache and blamed the batboy.”
Bendix was fired. How about that!
That’s another great story, and you really do your homework! I got the DVD in a $5 two-pack with ‘Safe at Home’ with Mickey Mantel and Roger Maris (and also William Frawley who is in Kill the Umpire, too).
If my blog thing doesn’t pan out maybe I can join Capt Dynamite??
Stick with the blogging, Greg. Fewer concussions! :)
Speak for yourself. I once suffered two mild concussions and a deep head laceration whilst slogging through a post for Sports Central. A post about TBI. Life is funny.
:) I hope you stayed away from computers until your concussion was completely healed.
One of your best and most insightful. You have an incredible, if not enviable, passion for research.
Thanks Jim … Nothing like a pile of old newspapers to paw through!
What a wonderful post. The voicemail had me cracking up. Thanks!
Thanks Precious! I loved that voice mail, too … and I have to say, I think Bill had a point! :)